Krah Chile is using Krah PE-GF Pressure Pipe Technology since 2009. The installed Krah KDR 700 is able to produce pressure pipes with standard PE100 or with PE-GF200. Since beginning Krah Chile delivered their pressure pipes for many applications. One examplary project is described below:
Krah Chile produced more than 1300 meter PE-GF-pressure pipes in dimension DN 300 and for pressure class PN 16. The pipes are designed with a safety factor of 1,25, that means the total wall thickness is 15,8 mm ( SIDR 19)
Pressure pipes made of Polyethylene are successfully used since the 50ths of the last century. In more than 60 years the material has developed significantly in mechanical, thermal and physical characteristics. Mostly used in the pressure market is the pipe grade PE100 with a long term strength of 10 MPa (MRS 10). Furthermore you find in the market PE-types with optimized properties for example with a better resistance against slow crack growth, called PE 100 RC (crack resistance) or fiber reinforced polyethylene pipes (e.g. Krah PE-GF 200) with very high strength and stability (MRS 20).
In this year 2013 a new record was made in Lima, Peru. Polyethylene pipes DN/ID 3000 were used for a deep water outfall pipeline. The polyethylene pipes were produced according to the Krah-Technology in Spain by PPA&Krah, Vitoria. PPA&Krah had already a lot of successful installed large outfall pipelines in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. One of the challenges in this Project was to open a new site for the Krah Large Pipe Technology – The Pacific Ocean.
The “Taboada” Wastewater Treatment Plant is one of the biggest constructions for sewage treatment all around the World.
The aim of the Project was to increase significantly the amount of treated water in the city of Lima, thus reducing ocean pollution and improving the health conditions in the area.
Earlier this year, pipe/tube winding equipment manufacturer PPA & Krah supplied polyethylene pipes DN/ID 3000 for a deep water outfall pipeline in Lima, Peru. Krah said that previously the company had successfully installed large outfall pipelines in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, but that one of the challenges in this project was to open a new site for the Krah large pipe technology in the Pacific Ocean.
The Taboada wastewater treatment plant is one of the largest constructions for sewage treatment in the world and the aim of the project was to boost the treatment of sewage water in Lima and the neighboring city of Callao, while reducing ocean pollution and also improve the health conditions in the area. The Taboada plant, which is located in Callao, is reportedly the largest water-treatment center in South America and will increase sewage treatment to 75% from the current 16%, according to the La Republica.
A wastewater treatment plant normally needs a large outfall to comply with the project requirements. The dilution and hydraulic calculations were made and a pipe with an internal diameter of 3.000 mm was selected. The outfall is located in a seismic-sensitive region and it must be corrosion free.
It was decided by the end-user and main contractor to consider the large diameter helical structured polyethylene pipes (according to DIN16961) fabricated with Krah technology combined with electro fusion technology to meet the project requirements.
The pipes and fittings were manufactured and fabricated by PPA & Krah in Spain and were then sent to Lima in four different shipments. Each pipe had a length of 6 m and the wall construction was not solid - it was a structured wall design, with the same or better characteristics than a solid wall pipe. Due the unique production process, the pipes have no frozen stresses in the pipe wall and the profiled wall structure can be designed tailor made for the application requirements.
The helically wound pipes and fitting were welded by a patented electro-fusion welding procedure and it was ballasted on site before the launching of the sinking strings to the sea from the working ramp made onshore. By fixing them on special points of the special made pipes, all ballast blocks had no screws and bolts, so there's no chance of an unwanted sliding of the blocks.
"The construction of the sea outfall, La Taboada, was an amazing challenge for the PPA Group," the company said. "Up to 19 sinking strings were sunk and connected off-shore. The deepest point of the installation was -20 m in the Pacific Ocean and every string was joined by integrated flanges."